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Terminology

There are lots of words (terms) used to describe the development of sheep on a hill farm. Here some of them are explained.

Lamb --------> Hogg ---------> Shearling ---------> Ewe

So when does a lamb become a hogg? When does a hogg become a shearling and when does a shearling become a ewe? And what is a gimmer hogg?

Term Explanation
Dam Mum.
Dip The act of immersing a sheep in a bath of liquid containing chemicals to kill parasites.
Ewe A female sheep that has given birth to 2 sets of lambs (or more). Usually a sheep is 2 years old when it gives birth to its first set of lambs and 3 years old when it gives birth to its second set of lambs. So a sheep usually becomes a ewe when it is 3 years old.
Fleece The coat of wool on a sheep.
Gimmer A female sheep.
Gimmer Hogg A young female sheep that has finished weening.
Gimmer Shearling 'Gimmer' means female and 'shearling' means a two-year-old sheep. So a gimmer shearling is a two-year-old female sheep. Since sheep usually give birth to their first lambs when they are two years old they usually have their first lambs when they are gimmer shearlings.
Hefted/Hefting When a sheep knows which part of the fell is its home it stays there. It is said to be hefted. There is no need to use a fence to keep them in the area. When a sheep is growing up and learning where it belongs it is said to be hefting.
Hogg A young sheep that has finished weening.
Lamb A young sheep that is not yet weened. This means that it is still feeding from its mother.
Mule A cross-bred sheep produced for the quality of it's meat and for it's hardiness. A mule is usually a cross between a Bluefaced Leicester ram and a Swaledale.
Mutton Mutton is meat from an older sheep (as opposed to meat described as lamb which is from a young sheep).
Pasture A place where sheep feed on natural grass. In hill farming this can be the fells or lower lying fields which offer more protection from the weather.
Ram An adult male sheep that has not been castrated. Also called a 'Tup' a ram is capable of breeding with female sheep.
Shearing Removing the fleece (wool) from a sheep. Can be done with hand-operated shears or with an electric shaving device.
Shearling This word is derived from the word 'shearing' which means 'clipping', the process of cutting the wool from the sheep. It describes a sheep which has been sheared once. Sheep are not sheared in their first year so a shearling really describes a two-year-old sheep.
Shepherd A person who looks after the sheep on the pastures.
Sire Dad.
Tag A label clipped to the ear of a sheep to indicate its origin.
Tup/Tupped A ram - an adult male sheep that has not been castrated and therefore capable of breeding with female sheep. Also known as a ram.
Tupping The act of mating beteen a ram (tup) and a female sheep.
Whether A castrated male sheep.
Yow Another name for a ewe.